Male Fertility & Lifestyle

Male Fertility and LifestyleLifestyle has a big impact on male fertility. If you want to increase your chances of conceiving naturally, you may need to make some changes to your eating and drinking habits, as well as addressing other lifestyle choices such as smoking and the amount of exercise you do.

Men produce sperm in the testes. The sperm cells are combined with seminal fluid to make semen, which is released during ejaculation. Poor quality sperm, which cannot swim well enough to reach the egg, or which are unable to penetrate it when they do reach it, are a major cause of male infertility.

Although there are a number of ways to improve the quality of the sperm produced, it would be best to consult with experts such as the Queensland IVF group to help determine potential male fertility problems and suggest solutions to improve fertility and aid in succesful natural conception.

The amount of sperm you produce and the quality of your sperm are partly dictated by genetics. Also, male fertility naturally declines after age 40. However, lifestyle also plays a significant role. The following lifestyle changes could have a positive impact on male fertility.

• Eat a healthy, balanced diet
Your diet should contain wholegrain carbohydrates, lean protein, and plenty of fruit and vegetables. Zinc and selenium, which are found in dark meat, fish, brazil nuts, beans and eggs, have been shown to improve sperm mobility, which allows sperm cells to reach the egg for fertilization to take place. There is also some evidence to suggest that vitamin D, which is found in oily fish, and folate, which is abundant in green vegetables and fortified breakfast cereals, are important nutrients for male fertility.

• Maintain a healthy weight
Men with a BMI above 30 often have lower quality sperm. As well as impacting your overall health, carrying extra fat around your abdomen, hips and legs can mean that your groin area is kept at a higher temperature than is optimal for sperm production.

• Cut down on alcohol consumption
Heavy alcohol consumption (more than 4 units per day) suppresses testosterone levels in the body, which means that less sperm is produced.

• Quit smoking
Smoking reduces the number and quality of your sperm. Kicking the habit is one of the most important things you can do to increase your chances of natural conception

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